Dr. Mgr. Ľubomír Novák,
Charles University, Czech
The Sogdian language was once lingua franca of the Silk Road. After the Arab invasion to Central Asia the language lost its prestige status and slowly diminished. Since the Samanid Empire Persian became the prestigious language and later became a new lingua franca of the region. Sogdian, however, did not disappear completely – at first it was an adstrate language in former Sogdiana, later it transformed into a substrate language, which was replaced by local Persian vernacular(s) – these varieties of Persian are to be met in the Upper Zarafshon region, i.e. present districts Kūhistoni Mastchoh and Aynī (former Falghar and Fon) in north-western Tajikistan. The Upper Zarafshon (or Central) dialects of Tajik reflect many Eastern Iranian linguistic features that can be connected with vernaculars of Sogdiana such as Sogdian and its dialects and Yaghnobi, a language closely related to Sogdian. Eastern Iranian loans in the Central Tajik dialects show rather complicated linguistic situation in present mountainous parts of Sogdiana – detailed study of these dialects of Tajik can help us to understand linguistic history of Tajikistan and Persian language contact in Central Asia.
The above abstract is part of the article which was accepted at The Third International Conference on Current Issues of Languages, Dialects and Linguistics (WWW.LLLD.IR) & The Fifth National Conference on English Studies and Linguistics (WWW.ELTL.IR) , 31 January-1February 2019 , Iran-Ahwaz.