Differences in Conversational Coherence, Body Language Use, and Politeness of Speech in Nour Abad, Iran

Zhale Gholami,

Amin Univercity of Isfahan-Fooladshahr, Iran

 

In this research, the effect of gender differences in conversational coherence, body Language use, and politeness in speech has been illuminated. It is a subtitle of discourse and conversation analysis and according to Cameron (2001) conversation analysis mostly deal with talk in interaction. Based on her definition the center of attention of this study has been the dialoges between adult best friends of Nourabad town (located in Fars province, Iran) of men and women to analyze the cross-cultural approach of gender difference in selected areas. Through a qualitative research the 20-minutes conversations of two pairs each of male and female best friends were collected and analyzed at the end of the process to see which one are better in doing so. This research reports put emphasis on the benefits of women power in handling conversations more coherent, being more polite, and using body language more creative than men. This could be mainly because women's duty is teaching language to children so they should be able to make better conversations and leave their ability to their children.

 

The above abstract is part  of the article which was accepted at The First International Conference on Current Issues of Languages, Dialects and Linguistics (WWW.LLLD.IR) & The Third National Conference on English Studies and Linguistics (WWW.ELTL.IR) , 2-3 February 2017 , Iran-Ahwaz.

The Status of Frequency, Schemas and Identity in Cognitive Sociolinguistics

Roozbeh Moradi,

Payame Noor University (PNU), Tehran, Iran

 

This article is an attempt to understand the emerging field of Cognitive Sociolinguistics in a better way. We particularly discuss how usage-based cognitive linguistics and variationist sociolinguistics can enrich each other. First, we investigate the ways in which variationist approaches have led cognitive linguists such as Gries (2003) and Grondelaers et al (2008) to focus their attention on extralinguistic factors (e.g. media, region, and register), and consequently improve the description and understanding of certain grammatical phenomena to a large extent. Then we focus on cognitive linguistic work (by Hollmann and Siewierska 2007, and Clark and Trausdale 2009) which has had indirect effects on sociolinguistic theory. Actually, the two usage-based concepts associated with this discussion are frequency effects and schemas. The article investigates and illustrates the role of these two factors in linguistic variation by means of a case study on the ellipsis of final consonant in the vocabulary of Alamarvdashti dialect, in the south of Fars Province located in Iran. Two conclusions are drawn: first, there is apparently the possibility of establishing a symbiotic relationship between cognitive linguistics and sociolinguistics; and second, in order for the relationship to be mutually beneficial, variationists should involve themselves more and more in cognitive sociolinguistic activities.

 

The above abstract is part  of the article which was accepted at The First International Conference on Current Issues of Languages, Dialects and Linguistics (WWW.LLLD.IR) & The Third National Conference on English Studies and Linguistics (WWW.ELTL.IR) , 2-3 February 2017 , Iran-Ahwaz.

Evidentials in the Introduction of Psychology Research Articles by Native and Non-native Writers of English from 1985 to the Present

Mojdeh Ebrahimi Dehkordi,

Shahreza Branch, Islamic Azad University, Iran

 

It is widely understood that academic discourse is one type of interaction between writer and readers in the discourse community; with linguistic forms analyzed to reveal interaction in written discourse. This study was motivated by the significance of using evidentials for today’s academic writing. It is based on the new model of researcher for evidentials in academic texts and focuses on the frequencies and types of evidentials across native and non-native written research articles over time. To this end, a corpus of 60 introduction section of psychology research articles was collected. Two types of texts consisting recent (2010-2016) and earlier (1985-1990) articles were considered: English texts written by native speakers of English and English texts written by Asian writers (as non-natives of English). Upon detailed analysis, it was found that both groups of writers were used evidentials, yet, there were differences between recent and earlier articles on the one hand and native vs. non-native written articles on the other hand in terms of the application of evidentials. The findings of the present study may have some implications for someone new to the academia who wants to write successful papers consistent with the norms of the community, especially to foreign students as non-native writers of English.

 

The above abstract is part  of the article which was accepted at The First International Conference on Current Issues of Languages, Dialects and Linguistics (WWW.LLLD.IR) & The Third National Conference on English Studies and Linguistics (WWW.ELTL.IR) , 2-3 February 2017 , Iran-Ahwaz.

Using GMS (Guided Modeling Story) Technique to Empower EFL Teachers

Dr. Mehry Haddad Narafshan,

Department of Foreign Languages, Kerman Branch, Islamic Azad University, Iran

 

In the complex environment of 21st centuey public education, a consensus has emerged that one of the most important factors contributing to student learning is the quality of teaching. Following the fact that an explicit focus on teacher thinking is an important outcome for professional development, the research presented here examines the impact of one form of professional development program, Guided Modeling Story Technique (GMST), on shaping teachers’ beliefs and affect related to inquiry in the classroom. By examining GMST, this study incorporates 4 months of data collected from 30 participants, which include 19 female and 11 male EFL teachers. The theoretical framework for the research draws on identity formation within communities of imaginative practices based on Vygotsky’s imagination theory asserting that creating an imaginary situation can be regarded as means of developing abstract thought (Vygotsky, 1978). Evidence was drawn from analysis of multiple instruments measuring EFL teachers’ self-efficacy, pedagogical discontentment, and beliefs about teaching and learning English. The results indicate that GMS program was successful in shaping teachers’ beliefs and affect particularly in decreasing pedagogical discontentment and enhancing beliefs about reform. The GMS program was successful in shaping teachers’ beliefs and showed a great influence on teachers’ practice. The findings in the data show the unbelievable effect of furnished imagination. The imagination was furnished through interactions with Guided Modeling Stories.

 

The above abstract is part  of the article which was accepted at The First International Conference on Current Issues of Languages, Dialects and Linguistics (WWW.LLLD.IR) & The Third National Conference on English Studies and Linguistics (WWW.ELTL.IR) , 2-3 February 2017 , Iran-Ahwaz.

The impact of Using “Rosetta Stone Software” on Pronunciation Development of Elementary EFL Learners in Alphabet Language Institute in Zarand – Kerman

Arezou Golestani Hotkani,

 Department of Foreign Language, Kerman Branch, Islamic Azad University, Iran

 

The goal of this study was to investigate the effect of using Rosetta Stone software on developing and enhancing the pronunciation ability of the EFL learners at Alphabet Language Institute in Zarand. In this way , the quasi- experimental research was done with the group of students who were 48 students. Oxford homogeneous test was used, and 12 students were eliminated. the 36 remaining learners participated in the study in two groups. To collected the data 3 tools were used: Oxford test , speaking test and finally interview. The result showed that the experimental group which used Rossetta Stone Software had salient improvement in English pronunciation. Meanwhile , the learners expressed relative satisfaction from using this soft ware because this had led to their autonomy in learning.

 

The above abstract is part  of the article which was accepted at The First International Conference on Current Issues of Languages, Dialects and Linguistics (WWW.LLLD.IR) & The Third National Conference on English Studies and Linguistics (WWW.ELTL.IR) , 2-3 February 2017 , Iran-Ahwaz.

Page 8 of 44